AG亚洲国际游戏

AG亚洲国际游戏 >>美丽津南>>人文民情
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来源:AG亚洲国际游戏|首页 作者: 津南政务网时间: 2018-12-04
  

  xiaozhanlianbing

  xiaozhanlianbingshizhongguojindaishishangdezhongyaoguanjie。tashiyijiawuzhanzhenghou,qingzhengfuweipaiyuanshikaijietihu

  yufen zaixiaozhanjianlicaolianxinjianlujun——beiyangjunfapeitaishiqiweizhongxin,shangziguangxuyuannian (1875) ,huaijunjianglingzhoushengchuanlvshengzijunzaixiaozhanlianbing,xiazhi 1920 nian,duanqiruizaixiaozhanxunliandezhenwujunbeiqiansan,lishijinbangeshijideyiduanshishi。 

  yapianzhanzhengqiandeqingwangchao,duiwaibiguansuoguo,bumeishijiedashi;duineiyinxunqingchudingzhi,busigengzhang。qijingzhibingbaqi、lvyingdeyingzhi,junduidebufang,bukaolvguofangzhanlve、zhanshudexuyao,ershianweihuwangchaotongzhifenbu,yifangzhilvyingjianglingyongbingzizhongweizongzhi,“daxiaoxiangzhi”、“jiquanyufenge”,bingbuxijiang,jiangbuxibing,bingjiangpingshifenli,zhanshilinshicouhe。qizhuangbeirengyichuantongdedaomaogongjiandenglengbingqiweizhu,zhiyoushaoliangdetaiqiang、niaoqiangdengjiushirebingqi。zhidaoxianfengnianjiancengguofanjianchengxiangjun,lihongzhangjianchenghuaijun,caizhubuyinyongyangqiang、yangpaohezhanjianwuzhuangbufenjundui。

AG亚洲国际游戏  qingjunzaizhongrijiawuzhanzhengzhongdecanbai,baolulexianjinzhuangbeiyuluohoujunzhijiandejianruimaodun,yixiefengjianguanliaojianyujiujunyishiquxiaoyong,fenfenzhuzhangbinqijiujunzhi,jianlixinjunzhi,fangxiaoribenjingxuexifadejingyan,zengqiangguoli、bingli。qingting,weiweihuheyanxuqitongzhixianhoujuedingyouhuyufenzai xiaozhanbianlian“dingwujun”,youzhangzhidongzaijiangningbianlian“ziqiangjun”。zheiliangzhijundui,zaiyingzhi、zhuangbei、xunlianfangfadengfangmianjunfangxiaoxifangjundui,chengweiqiansuoweiyoudexinshilujunbudui。huyufendengrenduijiawuzhanzhengzuolechentongdefansi,bujinzhuzhangfangxiaoxifachuanglianxinjun,zhongzhenghaijunyi fuhaifang,erqiebaxuexiriben、yunyongxifa,tigaodaozongheguoli、jiaqiangguofangqianlidediwei。 

  guangxuershiyinian (1895) niandi,yuanshikaijietongdingwujun,biancheng“xinjianlujun”。tayideguojunzhiweilanben,chubuxingchengleyitaobaokuojindailujundezuzhibianzhi、junguanrenyonghepeiyangzhidu、xunlianhejiaoyuzhidu、zhaomuzhidu、liangxiangzhidudengneirongdejunduiagyazhouguojiyouxisixiang。guangxuershiwunian (1899) ,yuanshikaibianzhuande《xunliancaofaxiangxitushuo》,batabianlianxinjianlujunshidequanbuxunliancaodian、tiaolingheguizhangjiayihuizuan,yongyishuoming,genjuxifajinxingjinsishizhandeduikangxingyanxidexunlianneirong。yuanshikaijibenbinqilebaqi、lvyinghexianghuaijundejiuzhi,qiangdiaowuqizhuangbeidejindaihuahebiaozhunhua,yangeshishixifaxunlian,xingchengwanqingjunzhidedazhuanzhe。

  xiaozhanlianbingdeshifanzuoyong,tuidongleqingwangchaozaibaguolianjunzhanzhenghou,jueyicaitaijiujundui,mofangxifangjunshizhidu,zheshouzaiquanguofanweineibianlian“xinjun”。guidinggeshengjianli“changbei、xubei、xunjingdengjun”;zhongyangchenglilianbingchu,tongyiquanguojunduidebianzhi、fanhao、lingdao、zhihui、zhuangbei,quanguodingbian 36 zhen,angeshengshijifenpeishue。congjunshixuyaochufa,xianhouquxiaobingbu、lianbingchu、taipusidengjunshijigou,shelilujunbuweiquanguozuigaojunshilingdaojiguan。zheiyixiliecuoshi,jiekailezhongguolujunjindaihuadeshiye。

  zhongyaozhanlveweizhi 

  xiaozhanlianbingzaishixuegainianshangsuoshejidequyu,yuxianxingdexiaozhanquhuabutong,tahankuoleqingxianmachang、tangguxincheng、huanghuaqi ( qi ) kou、dagangyanhaijihaihenananjinnanyidaidefangweidiqu。zheiyiquyu,beikaohuabeidapingyuan,mianduibohaiwanyiduanchongyaodehaianxian,shidaguhaikoudeyouyierxianfangdi,yujingjifuyidetianjinchengxiang,shengqixiangjie,yijunzhushou,keyidongyuandaguyaosai,xixiehebeifudi,nanzhishandongbandao,beikonghaihehangdao,jinnengdangguan,tuikezongheng,shitunbinghefangyudeyoulihuanjing。xiaozhandezhanlveweizhi,weilidaibingjiasuozhongshi。

AG亚洲国际游戏  xiaozhankaifayiqian,dishujigechaodaidebutongdefangshuxitong,danbijingshidanwanzhidi,hennancongqingyiqiandejunshishizhongpuzhuodaotadelunkuo,tabeiyinhanzailidaibianshufanweizhinei。

  tangdaizaibeifangyongbing,jinxiaozhan、xianshuigudiwadiqu,zhishiyipiantuihaitantu,weifangyuqidandebianshudidai。wudaihoujinshijingtangxiangqidangerangyanyun 16 zhou,sanchakouyibeishuyouzhou ( beijing ) ,sanchakouyinanshuyingzhou ( hejian ) ,jinnanhezhenggetianjindiyu,quanbuxianruqidan。

  beisongshiqi,haiheshisongliaoduizhidejiehe,qinanshibeisonglingyu。《tongjianzhangbian》jizai: “baoyuanernian (1039) xiasiyuewuchen,hebeiyanbianfusiqingyuyanjiehebaiwanwozhaixiazhihaikouniguzhaixichuzhixunpu”。yinerjieheqianyanshaosuo、xunpulinli,jinxiaozhandiqudichu“zhaixi”,zaishaoxunzhilie。 

  jiehezhiweibianjie,yizhichixudaojinchaotongyijieheliangan,danfangweirengcun。《jinshi》jizai,jinxuanzongmingwanyanzuoweidoutong、wanyanyaozhuweifudoutong,“shubingzhigu”。shudezhongdianzainiguhaikoujiqizuojinbianfang。 

  yuanchaojiandoubeijing,“yunliangzezizhe……yidajingshi”,youyuluduozherao,yiduyouhaiyunzhizhiguzhuanbeijing。yuanchaofuruojindeshizuo《zhigukou》xushuledangshihaihe“zhuansuchunqiuru,xingzhouriyeguo”defanmangjingxiang,miaoshule“bingminzajujiu,yibanjiewuge”debianshutese。bingbashubingyishaleizhuxunpu,yongluweibianzhilianlong,zhudiwenchongtaiduo,qiutianchihexiehenbianyi,yijishiguanderenwushishouzhucaoyundami,shubingsoubuchanaxiangjingdoutouyundesiyandengqingjingzuolekehua,zheishouyuanshiyuhoulaimingdaishiren“jinhaiyanfengshu”,“lieshufengengyejintun”dengyu,doutongxiaozhanjianzhenqianbianshujingxiangqihe。 

  mingyongleernian (1404) shelitianjinweihetianjinzuowei,sinianshetianjinyouwei,fuzecaoyun、tuntian、shushou、xunbudengshiwu。mingshizongshi“yuji、liao,zedaguhaikousuzhongbing,lingyifuzongbing……”。longqingsannian (1569) ,muzongmingzongbingqijiguanglianbingjimen,zhenshoujizhou、yongping、shanhaiguandengchu,fangyuribenruqin。qijiguangzhuanshe“dusi”,fuzecongshandongjingneiyangjiagouhaianqi,jingtianjindexiaozhanyidai,beizhilutaiyiduanfangwu。yanhaijiancunzhuang、sheyizhan,chuandijunqing。guidingdazhanyong 10 pima,xiaozhanyong 5 pima,lingzaihaibianjianlifenghuotai,faxianribenruqin,dianhuobaojing。yizhandaxiao,genjuxiangjulutuyuanjinshezhi。qikoudaomaweikou ( jindagangqumapengkou ) yong 5 pima,maweikouzhishanggulinyong 10 pima,shanggulindaoliaoshuitao ( jinxiaozhanzhendongxizhuangfangcun ) yong 5 pima。jinxiaozhandiqudangshiyichengweizhubingzhongdi。 

  qingyanmingzhi,zaigegushizhongsheyoushoubeiying,zhongbingfangyudaguyidaihailujiangtu。yongzhengsannian (1725) ,zaihaikoulujiazuishelishuishiying,youshelishitongzhizhugegu。tianjinzhenzongbingtongxiazhenbiaozuo、youying、sidangkouying、geguying、qikouying、jinghaiying、wuqingying、……tianjinchengshouying。jianxiahejian、daguerxie,wuguandengying。yongzhengshiernian (1734) ,shishegeguxunjian。qianlongbanian (1743) ,zengshefudoutong 1 ren,shuishiqianren,daxiaoganzengchuan 24 sou,zhoupengzichuan 8 sou。qianlongsanshiernian (1767) ,yihaikouwushi,tufeixiangxu,quanxingcaitai。jiaqingershiyinian (1816) ,fushetianjinshuishiyingqianren。daoguangshijiunianzhiershiyinian (1839 ~ 1841) ,xianhoudiaoshanxi、shanxi、chahaer、heilongjiang、jilindengdiqingbingjizhilibingyong 12000 yuming,fangshoudagunanbeipaotai,xinhe、donggu、nandaogou、gegu、beitangpaotai,beitangcunxi、tianjinhejiakou、chentangzhuang、xianshuigu。ershiernianeryue,daoguangdilingnaerjingezuozhengeguzhihui。tongzhibanian (1869) ,shedaguxiefujiang,zhuxincheng,fangshoupaotai。 

  qingchaoshudai,qibeifangduiwaifangyutixi,zhanlvezhanshubushu,zhulibuduishezhi,junshiyixiaozhandiquweizhongdiande。

  zhoushengchuanlianbing 

AG亚洲国际游戏  zhoushengchuanshihuaijunzhumingjiangling。suotongshengzijun ( jianchengshengjun ) ,suchenglaoshengjun,yuanweilihongzhangdefubiaoqinbing,congxianfengsannian (1853) daotongzhijiunian (1870) ,zhuanzhanyujiangsu、henan、anhui、shandong、hebei、shanxidengdi,wanchengleqingtingzhenyataipingjun、nianjun、huiminqiyijundeduocishiming,shilihongzhangsuobugeluhuaijunzhongdezhuli。 tongzhijiunian (1870) qiu,zhilizongdujianbeiyangdachenlihongzhang,diaoshengjuntunweijifu。tongzhishinian (1871) ,shengjunyizhuqingxianmachang。shiernian (1873) ,shengjunxingjianxinchengpaotai,weiwanglaifangbian,yumachangzhixinchengzhijian,pudianlemaxindadao,zhang 140 huali,yandadaosheyizhan, 10 liyixiaozhan, 40 liyidazhan,gongshedazhan 4 suo,xiaozhan 11 suo。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  guangxuyuannian (1875) eryue,shengjunchuliumaduizhumachangwai,geyingyitunliaoshuitao,zaipanyonganfendizhixiaozhandebeiceshe“qinjunying”,yiqinjunyingweizhongxin,busheyingpan,jishengzheng ( zi ) ying、chuanzheng ( zi ) ying、laozuoying、xinzuoying、youzhengying、youyouying、zhongzuoying、zhonghouying、shuishiying、zhongfuying、zhongqianying、qianyouying、qianzhengying、qianzuoying、zuoyouying、zuozhengying、zuozuoying。 18 zuoyingpanyuxinchengpaotaixiangwang,naneqi ( qi ) kou,dongkongdagu,yaoxianghuying,yizhangyuanshi。shengjunyitunmabubinggong 13 geying,anlvyingbingjianzhi,meiying 1440 renjisuan,gongyue 18700 ren,lingwai,lingtangrenlianburenziyingjundui 2 geying ( yintangrenlianwaidiaotongyongzhen ) 。shengjunzhuyaojianglingyouyoujuntiduweirugui、zuojuntidujiaqisheng,maduifujianglvbenyuan、zhangyinlong;yingwuchutidiaodaizongqian、chenliansheng、zhoushengchao;zhengyingbangdaihuguanghua,youyingyingguanliwanchuan,zuoyingyingguanwanjianxun,houyingyingguanwuyongfadeng。

  xinzhuyingdibenshihaibinjuru,jurenliaoliao,shangfanjueji,shibinggouwuxufushushiliyiwai,nanyiguanli,weici,zaipanyonganfendizhixiaozhandedongce、qinjunyingzhinancezhucheng,agyazhouguojiyouxilexindechengzhen,mingmingxinnongzhen ( jinxiaozhanzhen ) ,huochengxingnongzhen。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  xinnongzhendongxibeisanmiankaichengmen,chengneishedongxizouxiang“xingyingmaimaijie”。erhou,qianminlaikenqulingzhong,xinnongzhenbianchengweixiaozhanyidaidemaoyizhongxin。youyikaitunbingyong,wufangcuichu,yushijiangzhenwaixinanfang 1 gongli xuzhiquanshenmiaogaiweixinnongsi,jianshengjuntuntianhuiguan ( jinhuiguancun ) ,gong 80 yuyingfangjian,zuoweijishi、yulechangsuo。shengjungou“zhuyangxie”weiwuqi,guangxuyuannian (1875) fengfa“gelin”、“sibang”gepao,ji“shinaide”、“yunzheshide”qiangwanzhi。guangxuliunian (1880) yin“exin”,yougou“hachikaisi”buqiang 6000 zhi。zaidongxunzhong“qiangpaoyouzhunzhe”,“fajiwupin、liupingongpai”。haitiaoxuanjingzhuangshibingcanjialihongzhangqinyuede“xuanbakaoshi”,“sanbaibunengwuqiangquanzhongdejiyin 50 liang”,“siqiangsanqiangzhe,jiangshangyoucha”。

AG亚洲国际游戏  youyu“xiangyuanbuji”,guangxusannian (1877) gejuntongyijianyuanercheng,guangxusinian (1878) chun,qiansanrenjun 1 geying,“xiangyoubuji”,qianjunzhengying、zuoying、youyingquanbucaitai,zuojun、youjunjiecaidiaoqizuoying。genjuquruoliuqiangdefaze,“jiyuezhuyong,weitailaoruo”,ranhouzhongxinzhengbian。guangxujiunian (1883) bayue,youbayijingcaidiaode 8 geyingdeerchengduiwuyuyibuzu,weici,cengzhuanpaizongbingweiruchengdaoxuzhoudengdizhaomu,shiyuechuchengjun。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  zhoushengchuanxiaozhanlianbingcaiqudeshiyubingyunongdecelve。congguangxuyuannian (1875) kaishi,zhiliunian,taqinlvjiangbianzaixiqimachangdongdaodagudeliaokuotudishang,tiaohewaqu,jianzhaxiuqiao,goutonglenanyunheyuhaihe,yiyouliangshuizhishuaxiandijian,shibailihuangwuchiluzhidijinchenggaoyu,jianchengqianmozongheng,hewangjiaozhi,xiandanfenliudexiaozhankenqu,shixianlenandaobeiyi,peiyuchenggongmingzhenzhongwaidexiaozhandao,weilishimingzhenxiaozhandiandinglejichu。

  shengjunzaixiaozhantunying 19 nian,qizhongxianhouyou 6 niandeshijianzhiliyuzaimindezhenji,jingfeiduobankaojiangzuojizi。zhenjibanfazhuyaoshidazhoupeng,kaizhouchang,“zepingkuangzhidi,jiamuweipeng,fushuweiqishang,youyinitufu,yifanghuohuan”,“fenluliehao,jieyiweiqiang,shinannvyichangerju”,“rengeliangcan,jikoushouzhi,riyuemiwuhe”,“yeweisishou,lingzhoutanwen,jieyoudingshi”。weidujuefeizaiminhunzhouhe,“fangjiangnandanzhoufa,wanzhouerwen”,“qishi,kaichangyihou,jiushizhibeijirugouzhongji,suiyiqianyiburenlingchu”。zaihouzhouchangcaichezhiri,“dakoujiliangerdou,daqianerbaiwen,xiaokoujianban”。youyushengjunliannianzhenji,zaiminbashengjunshiweiyikao,guangxujiunian (1883) shiyue,“laiyingqiuzhenzhegongsibaiershiyucunzhiduo,yi……yingzhonglvcizhenjiguye”。 

  zhenjizhiwai,shengjunhaichengdanlekanghongqiangxianyiwu,guangxubanian (1882) “liuqiyuejiandayu,dachengxiannanzhaofucunziyahexianjuekousanshiyuzhang”,yanlewenan、dachengshubailiwadi。zhoushengchuanrenwei“jiuzaixulin,yiguburongjiashi”,lijipaimaduiqiangdu,jingguoduocishibai,gumuleyoujingyanderengong,liangmianjinzhan,riyefenzhan 1 geyue,liangbacaigaohelong。weilefangzhishuihuan,shengjunbuduigeyingzaijianhelianganduitujianshisiwuwanlifangmi,baozhengle“qiushouwuhai,lesuishenghan”。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  guangxushinian (1884) ,zhongfazhanzhengbaofa,zhoushengbofengzhaomuhuaiyong 5000 ren,fuxiaozhanfangbeixunlian。shiyinian,zhoushengchuanbinggu,zhoushengbotongshuaishengjunjixutunken、xunlian,kuojianxiaozhanzhenjie。shisinian,zhoushengbobinggu,shengjunyouweiruguitongshuai。guangxuershinian (1894) ,zhongrijiawuzhanzhengzhong,shengjunquanjunfumei。 

  huyufenlianbing

  jiawuzhanzhengqingjunshibai,qingzhengfuquxitoujiang,qianding《zhongrimaguantiaoyue》,gedipeikuan。chaoyerenshi,jianyujiujunyishiquxiaoyong,erfenfenxiewenzhanghuoduishangyizoulianbingshiyi,yishixingcheng“neiwaijiaozhang,zhengxianlianbingzhice”defengqi。huyufen cengzhichuqing chaojiujunzhibi: “junxurugu,yongerique,shangfukai,xiazhekou,baibicongsheng”;“geyingyuanjieyizuanmouweinengshi,buyitaojinweishizheng,shibingguanxianbuzhizhan,anwangjiaominyizhan”;“tongshuyijun,erciyingyubiyingzhiqibutong,qiantanghoutang,danqibeishu,dezhiaozhi,bingzuoyijia”;“gongshouzhifa,youyanjiuxi,xiangchugejun,shangyouyidaqidaomaoweizhanjuzhe”。jiawuzhizhangaojijieduan,deguojunshiguwenhannagencengxiangqingzhengfujianyizaizhongguoxianjianyizhiyou 2000 mingwaiguorenzuchengdejunguandui,bingshouyuzhongguojunxian,lingmuwaiguojunguanlianzhongyangjun 10 wan,youzhuhuahaiguanzongshuiwusihedezhihui。manzuguanyuanrenkeciyi,qingzhengfuzhunbeicaina,eryilihongzhangweishoudehanrenguanlijunbuzancheng,huyufenjiushi fanduipaidaibiaorenwu。taduocishangshufanduihannagendejianyi,liejutangdaianshizhiluanshi,yinjiehuihebingpingdingpanluan,daozhihuiheqingshitangchao,jinerlianbingfantangdeshizheng,jianqingjiejian。youyilihongzhangjieyangjianghuaerjiaotaipingjun,huadeshenghoujieaobuxun,budebuyuqiansanweishizheng,qiangdiaoyangrenzhangwojunquandeweihai。yucitongshi,haizaisanshenmingtazijidelianjunzhuzhang。qingguangxuershinian (1894) shieryue,qingzhengfupaihuyufenbianlian“dingwujun”。shiniandongtunzhumachang,yinyingfangbuzu,yinianjiuyuezhuanxiaozhan,yanyonglaoshengjunyingpanjinxingxinfacaolian。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  huyufenbianliandedingwujun,congzuzhi、xunlian、jishu、wuqidengfangmiangaibianlexiang、huaige jundechenfuluohoudezhuangkuang,fangxifachuanglian,chupinhannagenweizongjiaoxi,hannagenyin“suobangejie,shiduozhiai,xuanjizhongzhi”,likailedingwujun。deguorenshikana,nuoweirenmandedeng,doucengweidingwujunjiaoguan。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  dingwujunyoutianjin、shandong、henandengdizhaomuerlai,zaixiaozhanjian 10 ying,fenbubing、paobing、gongbingheqibing 4 gebingzhong,bubing 3000 ren,paobing 1000 ren,gongbing 500 ren,qibing 250 ren,zongjibinge 4750 ren。dingwujunshiyongdewuqi,junweigouzixiyangdexianjinwuqi。

  guangxuershiyinian (1895) shiyue,yuanshikaijieguandingwujun,gaijianxinjianlujun,huyufen diaoren jinlutieluduban。 

  

  yuanshikailianbing 

  yuanshikaizaijiawuzhanzhenghou,chenhuaixijunfashuailuoshiji,jiajie“minzuzhidayi”,dazhe“qiangbingyuwu”、“mingchijiaozhan”deqihao,toujizuanying,huozhunzaixiaozhanbianlianxinjianlujun,kaishilebeiyangjunfajituandedianjigongcheng。qingzhengfuzhuanzhifubaihediguozhuyidedalizhichi,shibeiyangjunfafazhanhenkuai,yuanshikaigerendiweihequanshiyesuizhetadewuzhuangliliangdefazhanerxunmengkuoda,zaiduanduan 6 nianshijianli,chengweiquanqingzhongwaidebeiyangjunfajituandeshounaorenwu。beiyangjunfazhujianxingchengyiguzhongyaodejunshililiang,juequlezuyizuoyouzhengzhijumiandequanli,zhongyuchengxinhaigemingzhiji,youjunshijituanchengweitongzhiquanguodezhengzhijunshijituan,suiranpaixigengdiebijiaopinfan,danbeiyangjunfajituanqueyizhibazhanzhequanguodetongzhiquan,weixidao 1928 nianbeiyangjunfazhengfufumieweizhi。xinjianlujunbujinweizhongguojunduijindaihuazhishi,erqieshibeiyangjunfadexingchengzhiben,tayikaishijiuchengweiyuanshikaiqieguodejishi,qiyingxiangsuojibujinzuoyouleqingchaomoqidezhengzhi,erqieduiminguochuqidezhengzhigejudexingchengheyanhuayoujushenkeyingxiang。

  yi、mouqulianbingquan

AG亚洲国际游戏  jiawuzhanzhengzhonglihongzhangjiaoyangdehaijunhuiyuyidan,huaijunheliukunyitonglvdexiangjunyeyibaitudi,qingjundefuxiuwunengwanquanbaoluchulai,jiazhiribenjunduicaiyongxifangxinshiwuqi、bianzhihezhanshusuobiaoxianchulaidejudayouyuexingyuqingjundeyuliexingchengxianmingdeduibi,shiqingjunjianglingzikuiburu。yinci,yaoqiugaigejunduidehushengtebiegaozhang。qingzhengfuchenglileyigongqinwangyiweishou,qingqinwangyikuangweihuiban,lihongzao、wengtonghe、ronglu、zhanglinhuitongbanlidejunwuchu。binglianfashangyushuo,“canzhuozhongwaibingzhi,”gailianxinjun,shiziqiangdeguanjian,“jiushidiyiyaoyi”,zhilingdubanjunwuchufuzezhengdunjingjijiujunhegailianxinjun。

  yuanshikaishigailianxinjundejijiguchuizhe。jiawuzhanzhengganggangjieshu,tazaitianjinjiushangshulihongzaochitanzhanzhengshibaideyuanyin,bingtichuleyigezhengdunjiujun,gailianxinjundejihua。cheng: “cicibingwu,feihuanbingshao,erhuanzaibujing,feihuanbingruo,erhuanzaiwushu,qiyouzuhuanzhe,zaiyujunzhirongza,shiquanfenqi,jilvfeichi,wulunruhejiliyibunengdangrenjiezhizhishi……weijinzhiji,yilichengqianfei,tairongbing、jiemifei、tuiyongjiang,yisujunzheng。jijianmingjiangshuaishuren,youyishiquan,houyixiangxu,yuyizhuanze,gecaitaiguibingweishudazhi,eyaotunzha,renzhenzhengli。bingyanmuxiren,fenpeigeying,anzhongxiyingzhilvlingcanpeigaige,zhuweichengxian。”lihongzaorenweitashuxijunzhongqingkuang,youkandaotatichudezhengjunfangan“youkequzhichu”,bianzoudiaotadaobeijing,bingdehuangdishangyu“jiaolibudailingyinjian”,paichongjunwuchuchaqian,yibeiguwen。 

  yuanshikaiyifangmianliyongneiwaichenliaopoqieyaoqiuzhengdunwubei、bianlianxinjundeqiangdashehuiyulun,lingyifangmianzhuazhuqingzhengfujiyusujianxinjun,yiweichiqitongzhideshiji,qiangxian“zhaozhimuyou,jiujusongyuncaotang,rixiyizhuanbingshushierjuan,yixiaofaxiyangweizhu,shangshudubanjunwuchu,chenshulianbingbanfajiyingzhixiangzhang”。yuanshikaibafanyidebingshuchengdironglu,qingqiuzhijiao,zichengmensheng,baibanbiaoshiqiqingmuyingfuzhicheng。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  rongluzaoyitingdaoguorenmenyuyangyuanshi“zhibing”,youduletazhuchibianyidebingshu,jiugengjiakanzhong,renzuotedengrencai,dalitixie,shouweijiyong。bujiu,junwuchuyijue“biantongbingzhi”,“fangzhaoxifalianbing”,xianyizhongrizhanzhengzhongzuchengdedingwujunweijichu,kuobiangailian;banyouchengxiao,zaizhujiantuiguang。lihongzaotuijianyuanshikaiqujiebandingwujun,chengqi: “jiashijiangcai,xianyubinglve,rulingtelianyijun,binengjiaozhongguolvfanggeyingzhibi”,ronglu“yiyouqiyi”,bingzhilingyuanshikaizuoyigejianjundeguihua。dangshizhongwaijunrenjihuyizhirenweideguodelujunzuijingrui,yuanshikaiyehenchongbaideguodelujun。tacanzhaocengguofan、lihongzhangzaoqibianlianxiang、huaijundebanfahedeguodejunzhi,niding《lianbingyaozeshisantiao》he《xinjianlujunyingzhixiangzhang》ji《mudingyanghetong》chengbaojunwuchu。 guangxuershiyinian (1895) shiyue,youdubanjunwuchuqinwangyi、yikuanghuitongjunjidachenlihongzao、wengtonghe、ronglu、zhanglindenglianmingzouqingbiantongbingzhi,yushitichubaojianyuanshikaibianlianxinjun。baojianzouzhehenkuaidedaoguangxudidepizhun,yuanshikaihuozhundulianxinjianlujun,shiyiyueyiri daodaxiaozhanjieren。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  er、xinjianlujundejianzhiyuzhuangbei

AG亚洲国际游戏  xiaozhanjiuliandingwujun 10 ying,gong 4750 ren。yuanshikaijieguanyihou,youpaibuxiawuzhangchunzaishandong、henan、anhuigezhouxianzhaomubudui 2000 ren,madui 250 ren,paiweideqingzaijinzhou、xinminyidaizhaomuqibing 300 ren,zongji 7300 ren。anzhaotachengbaodubanjunwuchudeyingzhi,xunsugaibianchengxinjianlujun。

AG亚洲国际游戏  xinjianlujunsuiranhaiyanyonghuaijundeyingwuchu、ying、dui、shao、pengdengmingcheng,danbianzhishangdapolejiujundekuangkuang ( jiujunyibanyiyingweidanwei,bufenbingzhong ) ,jibenshangcaiyonglejindaideguodelujunzhidu: junduifenbu、ma、pao、gong、zigebingzhong;yijunfenliangyi,meiyixiaersanyingbudeng;meiyingguanbing 1332 ren。xinjianlujunzhongyoupaobing、bubing、qibing、dewen 4 suosuiyingxuetang,tongcheng“xingyingwubeixuetang”。guangxuershiernian (1896) chu,yuanshikaizaizhengbingneikaoqucutongwenzizhe 234 ren,yi 80 renxuepaobing, 80 renxuebubing, 24 renxueqibing, 50 renxuedewen,yu siyueyiri kaixue。gexuetangjunpinqingdeguojunguandanrenzongjiaoxi。guidingxueqi 2 nian,biyeshengchuxuedewenzhezhunbeipaifudeguoliuxuewai,qiyudoudanrenxiajijunguan。xueshengmeijidakaoyici,jiankaoguan,yuejuanguanhexunchaguandouyouyuanshikaiqinzipaiding,yiqieguijurutongkechang,youdengzhejiaxinshoujiang。tahaicongzijimeiyuedexinjinzhongquchusanfenzhiyi ( yin 200 liang ) zuoweijiangxuejin。congzhei 4 suoxuetangzhong,yuanshikaipeiyangchuyipijunguan。houlai,congzheipijunguanzhongyoutiaoxuanyixierensongdaoribenliuxue。ciwai,haiyoujiangwutanghexuebingying。jiangwutangyuguangxuershiernian (1896) wuyueliuri kaiban,zhuanmenchoudiaozaizhideshaoguanheshaozhangxuexi,guidingshaozhanglunliudaojiangwutang“tingjiangxingjungongshougefa”ji“jingshidayi”。xuebingyingjizhongxunlianbubingcaofa,meiqi 1 ~ 3 geyue。diyiqixuanbagepengzhengfutoumu。dierqiqi,meiqigeyingxuansongzhengbing 60 mingruxue,shouxunhourenghuibenying,beichongtoumuzhixuan。

  xinjianlujundewuqi,quanbuyouwaiguogoujin。paobingzhuangbeideguokelubochangchude 57 limi guoshanpaoheqishengtebanlulupaodeng。bubingshiyongaoguozaodemanlixiabuqiang。qibingshiyongmanlixiamaqianghezhandao。junguanyilvpeidai 6 xiangzuolunshouqianghepeidao。chuguidingzhuangbeidewuqiwai,guanbingjunbuzhunxiedaisirenwuqi。ling、shaogeguanjibingdinghaoyixiewa“yilvheise,buxucancha”。guanbianfuzhuangjianbuhexiukouchuyouhongseguanjiebiaozhi。 

  yuanshikaigandaoyouyushiyongxinshiwuqi,jiudeyitaolianbingbanfabushiyongle,bixugaiyong“yangfa”,“lianyangcao”。taduocifabu“xuntiao”,“quanyujianglingjiangxixifa”。ranertarenweiyaolianyangcao,“feijieyongxiguan,zebanlibirengyoumingwushi,suilianyiruweilianye”。bingqietichu,zuihao“fanghaiguanshoushuichengli,shiyouxirenjingli,quanzichaotingcaozong”。tashuo: ruzhaocibanli,“bushunianjian,bichengjinglvshuzhi”。yuanshikaitongguozhongguozhudegongshi,yanpinle 10 yumingdeguojunguan,chongdangxinjianlujundejiaoxi,haizhuanmenchenglilejiaoxichu ( hougaiyangwuju ) ,youdeguojiaoxidingchugezhongguizhangzhidu,bingjianduzhixing。xinjianlujundejishuxunlian,zhuyaojiushizaiyangjiaoxidezhihuixiajinxingde。xinjianlujunhaisheyoucanmouzhineng、dianxunlianxihejunleduideng,zheiyeshijiushilujunsuomeiyoude。

  san、xinjianlujundezhijunfaze

AG亚洲国际游戏  yuanshikaisuodulianheqinzitonglvdezheizhixinjianlujunshiyuxiang、huaijunyimaixiangchengde,eryuhuaijundeguanxiyouweimiqie。taluyonglebufenhuaijunjiangzuoliaoshu,xishougaibianlehuaijunyingwu,jieguanlebufenhuaijunjingyingzuoweixiangyuandeqiye。zheixiedouweixinjianlujundexunsujianchengyufazhantigongleyoulitiaojian,yezhengshitadedao“huaijunyunie”chenghaodeyoulai。raner,yuanshikaibingmeiyouwanquantingliuzaijieshouyichandeshouchengdiwei。tazai“gongfafeiyurenzhiju,tiexueweijingguozhimou”dejunguozhuyisixiangzhidaoxia,duixinjianlujunkuxinjingying,zengtianleruoganjiujunsuomeiyoudeneirong,shizhibiejutedian。

  shouxian,zhuzhongxuanmu。yuanshikaizaikaishibianlianxinjunshijiurenwei,xinjunbujinjunrongyaoshifenzhuangguan,zhuangbeijindaihua,erqieyaoxunlianyousu。tazhizejiujunfubai,wubeifeichi,“guyouyuxunlianzhiwufa,shishiyuxuanmuzhibujing”;“bingliqiangruo,zaishenxuanyumubingzhishi。fanmubingbixulinpaiweiyuanfenfufengqigangjinggechu,houjikoushi,zhuxitiaoxuan,youqibuzhunzhaomucengjingchuruyufangliangejundeyouyongkuizu”,yidujuejiujunduijixideqinran。qigeshi: “yongdingshenliang,yilvsichiyishang,zhengsujingzhuang”。 

  qici,houjixinxiang。xinjianlujundejunxiangyouhubugongying。qibuduixinxiang,zhengtoumuyuexiang 5 liang 5 qian,futoumu 5 liang;zhengbing 4 liang 5 qian;huofu 3 liang 5 qian;zhangfu 3 liang。qipaodui、maduixinxiangshangjiaobuduiweigao。yangyuan (13 ren ) ,yuexu 4000 liang,fanyi (13 ren ) yuexu 1000 liang。zaijiujunzhong,guanbiancengcengkekoushibingxinxiang,pubianyinqishibingbuman,shenzhibingbian。yuanshikaibuxuyingyuanchashoufangxiang,youxiangjushixianfenbiebaohao,anmingcefafang。jieshi,“chuanpaiyingwuguanyieryuanqianwanggeyingjianshifaji,bingdingzhijielingxiang”。 

  qisan,peiyangjiangling。yuanshikaibianlianxinjun,yikaishijiubapeiyangjianglingfangdaotebietuchudiwei。tarenwei,“sanjunyiji,yijiangnanqiu”。tasuowusedejiangling,yibufenshisujiang,yibufenshiwubeixuetangbiyedexuesheng。zhurujiangguiti、yangrongtai、wuzhangchun、xubangjiedengrenjielihuixia;chenguangyuan、wangzhanyuan、zhanghuaizhi、hezonglian、malongbiao、leizhenchun、wangyingkai、tianzhongyu、mengenyuan、lujianzhang、caokun、duanzhiguidengjunshupianbi;xushichang、ruanzhongshuyizaimuzhongcanmouyingwu;erhaocheng“long、hu、gou”de“beiyangsanjie”wangshizhen、duanqirui、fengguozhangdoubiyeyubeiyangwubeixuetang。fengguozhangquguoriben,duanqiruiquguodeguokaochahexuexijunshi,doujuyouyidingdejindaijunshizhishi。zheishixiang、huaijunsuobukebinide。

  qisi,yangexunlian。yuanshikaizaituanjiepaixihexinliliangdetongshi,duixinjundexunlianyebijiaoyange。xuzhiqingzai《mibaolianbingdayuanshu》zhongcengduixinjundexunlianyouguoruxiamiaoshu: “xinjianlujunzhilianyangcaoye,jingxuanjiangbian,yandingxiange,shangfazhigong,haolingyansu。yijuzuzewanzuqifa,yijuqiangzewanqiangtongsheng。xingruobentao,liruzhimu,erqiesheweiliangjunweigongchuqiyoudizhixing,jintuijiyi,suishizhishou。guqibingshiwuribujingcaolian,wuribujingjiangjiu,suizaizhujun,rulindadi。xiazequzhanzhenxingshi、qiangpaoyongfa,yijijifazhongyizhugejue,bigebingbianshusong”。tongshi,yuanshikaihaizhidingleyitaobijiaosenyandejunfajunji,ru《xingjunzanxingzhangcheng》、《caochangzanxingzhangcheng》、《bingdingzhuzhayingneizhangcheng》deng,shejidaoxunlian、xingjun、suyinggegefangmian。dui“jiemenglihui,zaoyaohuozhong”he“yuchataowang,linzhenzhabing”,douyaowenzhan,taobingyiyuewuxialuojiuzhuijiujiashu。yuanshikaiyongzheizhongjunfalaiyanmidikongzhiqiduiwu。 

  qiwu,fengjiantongzhi。xinjianlujunhexiang、huaijundezhengzhisixiangjichushiyimaixiangchengde,danxinjianlujundefengjianxingdadaolexindejieduan。xinjianlujunjianglingdexuanyong,gengjiachiluoluodicaiyongjinqianshoumai,baiyifu、bailaoshi、baijinlan、jieernvqinjia、fengguanxuyuan、xiaoenxiaohui、anchaqinxindengzhongzhongshoufa。yuanshikaiwangluoqinxinrenma、bu、pao、gong、ziyingshaogeguan。tongshi,youtibaleyipixiaozhanjiuren,weirenlingguan、guandaidengzhiwu;duibei“gezhiyongbuxuyong”dejiawubaijiang,yeweiweixinjunjiangling。 

  yuanshikailianbingchuguangzhaofengjianwenren,duishibingjiangshu“jingshidayi”,guanshu“zhongjun”、“jinxiao”dengfengjiansixiang。“fanbingdingruwuzhichu,bixuzezhongyiyaozhi,bianjigejue,youjiangbiandengfenshoujiangjie,shichangkaowen”。guanshu“yuandarenshiagyazhouguojiyouxiyishifumu,agyazhouguojiyouxiyaoweiyuandarenmaiming”。yaoqiushibingshouyinggui、qincaofa、fenguogan;weiliangmin、huaiguochi、xijunxie;jingzhangguan、chongdushi、zhixiue。xinjianlujundegeyingfanglidougongsheyuanshikaide“zhangshengluwei”,meitianqiangmingshibingkoutouxingli,yangcheng“zhizhiyouyuangongbao,buzhiyoudaqingchao”dexinli。 

  si、kongzhishibingdebanfa

  yuanshikaixihuanshiyong“enweibingji”deyitaoquanshu。tadingchugezhong“tiaogui”、“zhangcheng”,minglingshibingzunshou,bingjingchangjiancha。duiyangezhixingzhe,huojigongshangyin,huotisheng;duiweizhangzhe,jijiayichengban,rudajungun、chaerjianshizhong、fakouxinshuidengdeng。tayouyixiang、huaijundejunlvweilanben,xishouledeguojunlvdejingshen,dingchu《jianmingjunjiershitiao》,“kanfageying,shibingdingjiedechisong,binglinpaizhifayingwuchubinggongjiucha”。bingzhiding“zhanlvshibatiao”,doushizhenduishibingde。ru: “youyiweikangjunlingjilingrubenguanzhangguanzhezhan”;“toumuzhansi,benpengbingdingbingwushangwangzhe,xizhanyixun”。weileduifubukanshouyapodetaobing,tayouzhidingle《chanataobingfa》,guidingyuxiaozhanfujingedaokoupaiyuansheka,zhuanmenbuzhuataobing,meinadao 1 ming,shangyin 20 liang。taobingbeizhuahui,dou“yijunfacongyanchengban”,feishajida,haichangchangjihequanjunchujuetaobing,shayijingbai。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  yuanshikaiweishi“bingdinggecunyibuxiefanfazhixin”,“linzhenyigenengzhengxianxiaoming”,tichuletasuoweide“xunbing”zhengce。zhendui“bingdingduobushizi”detedian,jingchangbanbu“xunci”,yaogejijunguanzhaojishibingxunhua。tahaiwangluoyipifengjianwenren,paozhizhongzhongkoujuehegeyao,ru《quanbingge》、《duibingge》、《xingjunge》dengdeng,minglingshibingbeisong,“shuxiyukou,laojiyuxin”,shishibingxiaozhongchaoting。tazaiyipian“xunci”zhongshuo: “lidaichoudingzhengshu,erbenchaowuzhi,waiguobianminruwu,erzhongguowuzhi,guoenhouyi。erzhizuruozong,shimaojiantu,muyushenrenhouze,chuishubainian,jierzhishen,youyoutaiping,zidingzhizhong,hemofeichaotingsuoci,……jinqieyingmuerlai,zuoshihouxiangyi,buzhixiaozhong,heyiduierzufu ? ……gurenyifanzhihui,zhongshenbuwang,shouguohouen,juzhiyifan ? qieerguoyougong,biyouyigongzhishang,erguoyoulao,biyouyilaozhichou,guobufuer,erhefuguo ? fuquanmazhijian,shangzhibaozhu,renburuwu,eryouhegan ? ” 

  weishishibingfushoutieerdirenqiqushi,yuanshikaiyoushuo: “yingneisheguan,jiesuoyitongsheerye,pingjushizhi,yiruzidizhijingfuxiong,linshiweizhi,yingrushouzuzhiweitoumu,……shangxiayouli,siweiyouzhizhishi”,“nengjingguan,sinengyongming,nengyongming,sinengxiaozhong”。“renzhishengsi,jieyoumingshu,……erdengzhanzhenzhishi,xuchidingjian,weimingyoutianfu,dihenengwei ? danyuqianglin,shiruowudu,qieqianjinzheweibijisi,houtuizhebiyouyanzhu,yuqisiyufaeryixiaoyuren,heruosiyudierliufangyushi”。yuanshikaihaibianle《quanbingge》: “yuerbing,zixiting。weizidangjinxiao,weichendangjinzhong。chaotingchulijieguozhai,buxizhongxianglaiyangbing。yibingchichuanbaishiliang,liupinguanfengyibantong。ruzaibuweiguochuli,tiandiguishenbiburong。zigujiangxiangduoxingwu,xiubadangbingzikanqing。yiyaoyongxinxuecaolian,xuelebenshihaoligong;junzhuangshierhushenwu,shichangcaxiyaoganjing。eryaodazhangzhenfenyong,minggaibusiziransheng;ruguotuisuoyujunling,yidaoliangduanluolieming。sanyaohaoxindaibaixing,liangxiangquankaotamengeng;zhiyaobingminchengyijia,baixingxiangzhugongzicheng。simojianyinrenfunv,neigebushifumusheng;erjiayeyouqiyunv,shourenxiuruzennengxing。wumojiancaishengdainian,qiangdaozhongjiuyoubaoying;zongdeduoshaojinyinbao,nazhushaleyichangkong。liuyaojingzhongchaotingguan,yuefenweilingzuibuqing;yaojinbuyaoshuohuanghua,laoshizuoshibirancheng。qijiedubochidayan,guanzhangchachudangzhongxing;anfenshoujibaqiansheng,yanghuojiakouduoguangrong。niruochangjicidengyu,biranjiubatoumusheng;ruguoquanranbujingyi,qingdazhongshaburongqing”。yicilaiyoudaobingyong,jiufanyuxinjundetongzhifaze。 

  wu、xinjianlujunzhongdejiabingjiajiang

  yuanshikaizaijunshizhuangbeihexunlianfangmian,jilicaiyongxifangxianjinjishu,yizengqiangzhandouli;tazaixuanbamuliaohejunguanfangmian,querengranyinxixianghuaijunfajiuxi,gushou“bingweijiangyou”,yijinjinkongzhijundui。zhuisuiyuanshikaiduoniande“jiabingjiajiang”,dadoubeianchazaiyaojin,chongdangzhuayaheermu。 

  liuyongqing,henanxiangchengren。tashiyuanshikaidebiaodi,cengsuiyuanfuchaoxian,chongdangsirenmishu,houbeitibaweizhurenchuanjiaoshetongshangfenbanweiyuan。tadanrenxinjianlujunliangxiangjuzongbanjianzhuanyunjuzongban,zhangguanquanjunliangxiangjunxiedaquan。houguanzhijiangbeitidu。

  wuzhangchun,anhuilujiangren。youwujutouqingjun,cengrenzhuchaoxianqingjunbangdai,weiyuanshikaidelaobuxia,tadanrenxinjianlujunbubingyouyidieryingtongdai。houguanzhibeiyangdisizhen、diwuzhentongzhi。

  wufengling,shiyuanshikaijiayongrendeerzi,congxiaozaiyuanjiazhangda。guangxuqinian (1881) ,suiyuanshikaitouqingjun,zaichaoxianshichongdangyuanshikaidegenbanhuwei,houbeitishengweiqinbingshaozhang。tadanrenxinjianlujunmaduidiyiyinghouduiduiguan。houguanzhibeiyangdisizhentongzhi。

AG亚洲国际游戏  leizhenchun,anhuisuzhouren。guangxuliunian (1880) ,youwentongtouqingjun,zaizhenyachaoxian“renwuzhengbian”shiyuyuanshikaijieshi。guangxushisinian (1888) ,biyeyubeiyangwubeixuetang,houbeiyuanshikaidiaofuchaoxian,paiweijiaoxi。guangxuershiyinian (1895) ,tadanrenxinjianlujunbubingyouyidisanyinghouduilingguan。houfengzhenweijiangjun、yidengbo,guanzhilujunbushangshu。 

  duanzhigui,anhuihefeiren。qifuduanrishengshihuaijunjunguan,heyuanshikaixiangshi。yuanshikaibatacongwubeixuetangdiaozhixinjianlujun,renmingweiducaoyingwuchutidiao。houfengfuweishangjiangjun,guanzhilujunbuzhang。

  jiangguiti,anhuibozhouren。xingwuchushen,cengliyuanjiasanbuzhenyanianjun。jiawuzhanzhengshirenzongbing,yishishoulvshunbeigezhi。tabeizhaozhixinjianlujun,renbuduizuoyiyizhangjiandiyiyingtongdai。zaixushichangweidaoxiaozhanyiqian,yuanshikaiwaichushiyoutadailijunwu。houfengzhaowushangjiangjun、yidenggong,guanzhirehedoutongjianyijunjuntong。

AG亚洲国际游戏  lingwai,yuanshikaizaichaoxianshidechabian、qinbing,ruzhaoguoxian、xubangjie、tangtianxideng 10 yuren,doufenbiedanrenlexinjianlujundetongdai、lingguan、shaoguanhuoshaozhang。houlaizhaoguoxianguanzhibeiyangdiliuzhentongzhi,xubangjieguanzhizongtongfuzongzhihui、fengyidengnan,tangtianxiguanzhijiangjunfucanjun。

  liu、xinjianlujunzhuyaojunguanbianzhiheyinggui

AG亚洲国际游戏  zhuyaojunguanzongdubanyuanshikai。canmouyingwuchuzongbanxushichang;zhifayingwuchuzongbanwangyingkai;ducaoyingwuchuzongbanlianghuadian ( houyoubangbanfengguozhangjieti ) ;zhongjunguanzhangxun;wenanruanzhongshu、shenzuxian、chenyanchang、xiaofengwen、tianwenlie、yandunyuan、wu sun。lingwaifusheliangxiangju、junxieju、zhuanyunju、yangwuju、junyiju、jiaoxichudengjigou。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  zuoyiyizhangjiangguiti。bubingdiyiyingtongdaiyoujiangguitijianren,bangtonglujianzhang: qianduilingguanyezhangsheng;houduilingguanwujinbiao;zuoduilingguandaijinbiao;youduilingguanzhangyuantai。bubingdieryingtongdaiduanzhigui,bangtongzhangxiluan: qianduilingguanhezonglian;houduilingguanwangzhanyuan;zuoduilingguannieruqing;youduilingguanlitianbao。paobingyingtongdaiduanqirui: zhongpaoduilingguanshangdequan;kuaipaoduilingguantianzhongyu;guoshanpaoduilingguanzhanghuaizhi。

  youyiyizhanggongyuanyou。bubingdiyiyingtongdaiyougongyuanyoujianren,bangtongcaokun。bubingdieryingtongdaiyangrongtai,bangtongwangjinjing: qianduilingguanmalongbiao;houduilingguanyangshande。bubingdisanyingtongdaixubangjie,bangtonglianghuadian。gongchengyingguandailiujiechun ( houyouwangshizhenjieren ) ,bangdaiweixingwu: lingguanzhaoguoxian、panzhenchun、lizhangtaideng。qibingyingguandairenyongqing: lingguanmengenyuan、wufenglingdeng。

AG亚洲国际游戏  canzanyingwujianjiaolian,deguorenbasensi;decaojiaoxi,deguorenboluoen;paoduijiaoxi,deguorenqikaifen;maduijiaoxi,deguorenmande;dewenjiaoxi,deguorenmuxingli、weibeier。

  junduibianzhiyingzhifenweizuoyi、youyi ( yixiangdangyulv ) ,yi“shetongling 2 renguanxia”,tonglingxiashefentong 1 ren,fentongxunlianbu、pao、madui、gongchenggeying。yingshetongdai ( xiangdangyuyingzhang )1 ren,bangtong 1 ren,zhuanxiayueshu。zuoyibubing 2 ying,paobing 1 ying;youyibubing 3 ying,qibing 1 ying,gongcheng 1 ying,gongji 8 ying。qibingmeiying 4 dui,paobing 3 dui。yingxiashedui ( xiangdangyulian ) ,duixiasheshao ( xiangdangyupai ) ,shaoxiashepeng ( xiangdangyuban ) ;duishelingguan 1 ren,shaosheshaoguanhuoshaozhang,pengshezhengfutoumu。jimeiyingzhengbingbubing 864 ming,huyong 90 ming,haobing 24 ming,huofu 72 ming,zhangfu 282 ming。 

  lujunyingguishibingzaiying 3 nian,yinshikeqingjia 3 geyue,bingfajixinxiang。yuyouzhengdiao,gaibuzhunjia,houzhengdiaowanbihouzaibu。shibingjilaochengji,huozuozhanshoushang,junyijuzhenzhijiyao,fendengyoushang,rengzhiyuanxiang;zaiyingbinggu,jimaizangyin 10 liang;zhenwang,shangxu 2 nianbenxiang。 

  qi、xiaozhanjiangwutang

  xinjianlujunzujianchuqi,yinjixujicengxiajijunguan,yuguangxuershiernian (1896) shizaixiaoyingpan ( jinxiaozhanliangku ) jianlisuchengwubeijunguanxuexiao,houchengjiangwutang。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  jiangwutangjianzaixiaoyingpanshiyinweidangshilianbingzongjigou——xinjianlujundulianchushezaixiaozhandedong、xixiangzi。jiexiangyuxiaoyingpanxiangju 1 gongli ,zaizhenyingfenbushang,liangchuheweiyigexianghuyicundezhengti。congdixingshangkan,jiangwutangdezhengmen,yaoduixiaozhanzhendexiaobeimen,yubeimenlixiaojiechuizhijiaochadediyidaodongxijiexiang,bianshidong、xixiangzi。xiaobeimenshidongxilianggexiangzibeikoudeweiyichulu,cikouyujiangwutangweiyidechukou ( zhengmen ) zhidui, 1 tiaobizhidelujing,chuanguodaotian,baerzheliantongqilai,liangxiangzihexiaoyingpanzhengshi 1 ge“pin”zijiegou。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  jiangwutangneiweimianji 50 mu,shichuzaisimiandaotianzhizhongdeyipiannanbeizhang、dongxikuan,zuobeichaonandejuxingjianzhu。zhouweiyituyandaiqiang,yangao 4 mi ,dengpopingding,dingkuankeyiliangchejiaocou。junshizaocaojidengciyanpaobu。yanwaihuanraoliangdaogouqian,meidaobaochi 4 mi kuanshuimian,weizhengmenyouqiaoketong。zhengmenweiyichengmenlou,louqiangzhidieruchi,mendongyuanquan,loudingqiji,dishangliangceng,shangmianqianhougeshan,simianyuetai,chengdiekeyiyanti。weineichengyinyimian,ziloujiaoxiangduixiangshangbujie,liangmianjietichengdaobazixing。chengloudongceyoufangdouqigan。chenglouzhengduiliangdaobanmulanqiao,liangqiaozhijianyoushijizhuanqizhaobi。

AG亚洲国际游戏  jiangwutanggongyoubiane 3 kuai。chenglouzhengmenti“guanleyifeng”,xiakuan“jiamoqiaoshu” ( jiashixiaozhanwenshi ) 。cibianxuanyuchenglouzhengmen,xijiangwutangchulishi,difangxiangshenzhihesuogua。fangtingzhengmenbianewei“yanjiaxunlian”,shiyuanshikaiqinbi。tadaoxiaozhanlianbingshi,guangxuhuangdiweirenyuzhigaojie: “dangsichouxiangshennan,bianfafeiyi,qiyanjiaxunlian,shishiheshi……”。yuanshikaibaqizhong“yanjiaxunlian”ju,shuchengbiane,dangzuokouhao,gongshangzhixia,mingzhengyanshun。fangtingneizhengqiangtitingming,“jiangwutang”,heranxingmu,yeshiyuanshikaishoushu,zipofangzheng,leiyanliufenggu。 3 biandoushimukeyouqihongdiheizi。 

  jiangwutangzhengtinglvehoudedongxiliangce,geyou 3 chuangyingfang,weizhuanjiwadingchuanxuedaimaotuwu,cijiruxuejunguanzhisushe。tiejinhouyanzhengzhong,youshulou 1 zuo,shaobingkeyidenglouyuantiao,qixingzhisuisizhengmenchenglou,danguimojiaoxiao,qihouwuqiao,yiwuluketong。

  youdulianchuzhijiangwutangdetonglushang,shouwei 5 zuobanqiao,jiayudongxiliuxiangde 5 tiaogouxuzhishang。 5 tiaogouxuweidulianchu ( jidongxixiangzi ) nanbeige 1 tiao,jiangwutangmenqian 2 tiao,tongluzhongbuyouweitianjiasuoyongde 1 tiao。zheiyang,wulunshidulianchuhaishijiangwutangjunzhiyouyiqiaoketongru,yiquebaoanquan。 

  ba、xinjianlujundashigenggai

  chumaiweixinpaiyuanshikaidaoxiaozhanhou,rengranshifenguanxinbeijingdezhengjudongtai。dangshi,cixibiaomianshangyijingguizhengyuguangxu,danshishiganyu,shijishangrengranzhangwochaotingdaquan。tayuguangxuweizhengduoquanli,maodunshifenjianrui,wanggongdachenweicifenhuaweidi、houliangdang。didangguanliaowengtongheheweixinpaijiehe,yiguangxuweikaoshan。fanbianfadewangupaibeihouzeyoucixichengyao。yuanshikaicaiqujiaocailiangzhichuandecelve,xiangfangshefamouqushuangfangxinren。

  guangxuershiyinian (1895) wuyue,kangyouwei、liangqichaodenggailiangpaizaibeijingjinxingweixinbianfahuodong,yuanshikaicengcanjia“qiangxuehui”。kangyouweidewanyanshu,jiushiyuanshikaiweitadaididaodubanjunwuchude,yinronglubushouerbeituihui。qiyuechu,yuanshikaitongkangyouwei、liangqichaodengrenyiqikai“qiangxuehui”,“jixiyueding,gechuyijuan,yijuerdeshuqianjin”,yuanshikai“juankuanwubaijinruhui”。gailiangpaiwurenweiyuanshikaijiqi“xinjianlujun”youkenengchengweizijidekaoshan,yujieqiwuzhuangliliangmousharonglu,yonghuzaitian,tuixingxinzheng。yushipaixurenzhudaoxiaozhanshitan。yuanshikaidangchangchuipengkangyouwei,bingbiaoshiduiguangxudide“zhongxin”。weicijingkangyouweituijian,guangxuershisinian (1898) qiyueershiliuri ,yuanshikaifengshangyujinjingbijian。 bayueyiri ,guangxudizhaojianleta,xiangxixunwenlexinjianlujundeqingkuang。dangwenjibianfashi,tabiaoshi: guozhengfubai,bixujijituixingbianfa,fangnengyouzhuanji。guangxujiantajilizanyangxinzheng,yiweideyiyoulizhizhu。yiri,guangxuzaiduzhaojianyuanshikai,yaotaherongluyihougebangeshi,hubuchezhou。anshiyihoububishouronglujiezhi。yuanshikai“jishuchengkun”,lianliankoutou。 bayuesanri ,youyuxingshiduiweixinpairenwuyuyibuli,guangxudijiminglinxusongchumizhao,yaokangyouweidengrenlijingchuzou。kangyouweidengweiwanjiujushi,juedingyoutansitongmifangyuanshikai,chushiguangxudimizhao,tongbaozhengbianjihua,yaoyuanshikaizaitianjinyuebingshifadongzhengbian,jubingqinwang,sharonglu,luhoudang,huifudizhiquanli。yuanshikaidangmianyingyun。danshi,taguanchadaojinjiyibeicixi、ronglumibujin 14 wanrendezhongbing,zijibingbujiwanbuganqingyiguzhuyizhi,juedingxiaozhongcixi,mouqugengdaliyi。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  yuanshikaisuiyubayuewurishangwu qingxunhou,lijichenghuochehuitianjin,baweixinpaidejihuaquanpantuojironglu。dangwan,ronglujinjing,xiangcixigaobian。cixijimingrongluhuitianjinzhangwojundui。yiriliming,tayouyiheyuanjinruhuanggong,qiujinguangxu,xuanbuzijilinchaoxunzheng,bingxialingsoubuweixinpai。kangyouwei、liangqichaojiaoxingtaowangguowai;tansitong、yangrui、linxu、liuguangdi、yangshenxiu、kangguangrenzaijingxianhoubeibu,yubayueshisanri canzaoshahai,shicheng“wushuliujunzi”。shinianshiyue,ronglusuishebeiyangjunwugongsuo,gaisongqing、yuanshikai、nieshicheng、dongfuxiangdeng 4 junweiwuweizuo、you、qian、houjun,youzimu 27 geyingzhijietonglv,chengwuweizhongjun,zuchenglegongweijingshidewudajun,chengweiqingtingdejibenwuli。yuanshikaitonglvwuweiyoujun,suobuzengzhi 1 wanren。 

  zhenyayihetuanguangxuershiwunian (1899) ,shandongdiqubaofaleyihetuanfandiaiguoyundong。siyue,yuanshikaifengrongluzhiminglvlingxinjianlujun 8 geyingqianwangdezhouyidai,yanxixingjunzhenfa。zheicixingjunbiaomianshangshuoshiweilezhunbeidikangdeguoqinlve,shijishixiangyihetuanshiwei。liuyue,yuanshikailvbuhuixiaozhanhou,lijixiangqingzhengfushanglezouzhe,shuozijimudushandongjumian,“suyeyoufen”,bingxianceshuo: zaishandongbixu“shenxuanshouling”,“jiangqiuyuezhang”,“fenzhuxunbing”,“linyuanzhujiao”,yibian“daoyumin,erdilinhao”。jixiaomieyihetuanyundong,yudiguozhuyihehao。shiyue,tajinjingweicixi“zhugu”,chenjiyouxiangronglumianchenleduijiejueshandongwentideyijian。shieryuechu,qingzhengfupaiyuanshikaishulishandongxunfu,wuweiyoujunsuijicongxiaozhandiaowangshandong。guangxuershiliunian (1900) ,wuweiyoujunzaiyuanshikaidezhijiezhihuixia,duishandongquanjingdeyihetuanzhankailexuexingdatusha。yuanshikaitushaleshuwanaiguozhe,quecongweiduiwaikaiguoyiqiang,fanerbaibanchanmeiqinlvezhe,“daiyigongcheng,woshouhuanwu”。tazaixuexiyihetuandeguochengzhong,bayuanlaishandonggedijiujun 34 geyingtairuoliuqiang,gaibianchengbu、qi、paobing 20 geying,cheng“wuweiyoujunxianfengdui”,jiashangwuweiyoujunwanren,zongbingyuandadaole 19600 ren。 

  zhangzhidonglianbing 

  guangxusanshiernian (1906) jiuyue,qingzhengfuxuanbuzaihenanzhangdejuxingnanbeiliangjundahuicao。beijunweibeiyanglujundiwuzhenjidiyihunchengxie,zongtongguanweiduanqirui;nanjunshihuguangzongduzhangzhidongbianliandedibazhenjihenandiershijiuhunchengxie,zongtongguanweizhangbiao。liangjunyiwei“beifangzhiqiang”,yiwei“nanfangzhiqiang”。yuanshikaihetieliangweiyuecaodachen, jiuyuewuri zhiqirishichaleyou 33000 yumingguanbingcanjiadezuozhanyanxi,barijuxingyuebingshi。jieguozhengming,yuanshikaizaixiaozhansuolianbeiyanglujunzhuangbeihezhandoulidouyuanshengnanjun。huicaobiaoming,yuanshikaibujinzhijiezhangwolebeiyangliuzhendebingquan,erqieshi“shushengyibianzhijun”,tongtongfucongyutagerende“tongyihaolingzhixia”。yushiyinqiqingzhengfuduitadeyixin,suihebingbu、lianbingchuyutaiposiweiyi,ershelilujunbu,fuzequanguolianbingshiyi,shi“suoyougeshengxinjun,junguigaibutongxia”。youdiaozhangzhidongdaoxiaozhanyixiezhulianbingweiyou,xingxueyuanshikaibingquanzhishi。zhangzhidongdaoxiaozhanhou,zaixiaozhanlianbingyuanyoudejichushang,zhongxindiaozheng,huafenwei 10 geying,chuyi、liuliangyingzhushoujingdouwai,qiyu 8 yingjunzhuxiaozhanzhouweigeyingpan。tafangxiaoxifangguojiadecaolianfangfa,bayuanshikaizaixiaozhanjingyingduoniandebuduijinxingleyangecaolian。houlai,yinqingzhengfudiaozhengjunshililiang,jijiangzhangzhidongsuolvxiaozhanlianbingchuzhiquanbubinglibianweibeiyangjundisanzhen。

  duanqiruilianbing 

AG亚洲国际游戏  qingxuantongyuannian (1909) ,duanqiruixiezhuyuanshikaizaixiaozhanzhuchilianbing,tachengjikuodagerenshili,bianbeiyangjunwei 20 geshi。 1911 nian,wuchangqiyi,qingzhengfuyaoyaoyuzhui,chaobubaoxi,qiyongyuanshikaizhenyagemingshili。duanqiruishouyuanshikaizhishi,pingshouzhongzhangwodejunduiyu 1912 nianchulingxianyibeiyangjiangling 46 renmingyiliangcizhidianqingzhengfu: “qinglidinggonghezhengti”,“fouzejilvquanjunjiangshirujing,yuwanggongpouchenlihai”,poshiqingtingtuiwei。 1917 nian,zhangxunfupi,duanqiruiyu 7 yue 3 ri zaimachangshishi,lvzhuxiaozhandebeiyangqi、balianggeshijinjingtaofa,ganzouzhangxun。duanqiruiyi“zaizaominguo”gongchenziju,qiejujunzhengdaquan,churenbeiyangjunfazhengfuzonglijianlujunzongzhang,kongzhileguojiaquanli。 1917 nian 8 yue,duanqiruifadongnanbeizhanzheng,qituyiwulitongyiquanguo,zaodaoshibai。takandaobeiyangjunduiriyishiquzhandouli,juedingjiasujianlizijizhijiezhangwodewuzhuang。dangshizhengzhidiyicishijiedazhanbaofa,duanqiruilizhucanzhan,yishiyingribendiguozhuyidexuyao。 1917 nian 12 yue,taqinzidanrenduban,pailujunbucizhangxushuzhengdaoxiaozhanyikaoribenguwenheribenzhuangbei,xunliancanzhanjun 3 geshi 4 gehunchenglv。 1919 nian 7 yue 20 ri ,canzhanjunyouguofangjungaiweibianfangjun,tarengrenduban,zhipaixushuzhengshijikongzhi,jixuyouribenguwenxunlianhezhihui,shiyongribenzhuangbei。zheizhijunduichengweiduanshidesibing,wanxijunfadesichan。

AG亚洲国际游戏  1918 nian,duanqiruipailongjiguangdaoxiaozhanjietixushuzheng,sheli“zhenwuxinjunbanshichu”,zhaomutianjin、zhili、shandongyidaisanbingyouyong、tufei,xunlianzhenwujun,zicheng“longjun”。gaijunzaixiaozhan、tianjinyidailveraoqiangjie,wuebuzuo,dangshiguoneiyulunfenfen,qianzeduanqiruineigeyikaotufei,shixingwulitongyinanbeizhengce。faguogongshiyetichukangyi,yaoqiujiangzhenwujundiaolixiaozhan,yimianweihaitianjinzhian。duanqiruidiaozhenwujundaofujian,zhenyananfanggemingshili,yiqudefujiandipan。zhenwujunweiwuhezhizhong,zaikaiwangtuzhongyibuhuabian,yibukuisanweifei。longjiguangshoujicanbuhuixiaozhanzhongzhenqigu,jixuxunlian。 1920 nian,zhenwujunbeizhangzuolindefengjunquanbujiaoxieqiansan。 

  zhuyaorenwuxuanjie 

AG亚洲国际游戏  guangxuershiyinianzhiershiwunian (1895 ~ 1899) ,yuanshikaizaixiaozhandulianxinjun,shiweibeiyangjunfadepeitaishiqi。houlaibeiyangjunfadexuduotoumu,douyuyuanshikaizaixiaozhanlianbingzuichupincoudebandiyoushenhoudeyuanyuan。congxiaozhanlianbingqijiadebeiyangjunfa,shangshengdaodujunyishangdeyou 34 ren,qizhongchule 4 geminguozongtong, 1 gelinshizhizheng、xingzongtongzhiquan。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  cong 1912 nian 3 yue 13 rizhi 1928 nian 6 yue 3 ri zhi,beiyangzhengfugong 46 jiezhengfuzongli。qizhongyou 9 rencenggensuiyuanshikaizaixiaozhanlianbing,huorenbeiyangliuzhenguanzuojiqinxin,xianhoudanren 17 jiezhengfuzongli。 

  yi、yuanshikai

  yuanshikai,ziweiting,haorongan,henanxiangchengren。xianfengjiunian (1859) ,chushengyudaguanliaodizhujiating。guangxuqinian (1881) ,yuanshikaitoukaoqingjuntiduwuzhangqing。yinian,suiwuzhangqingkaiwangchaoxian,zhenya“renwuzhengbian”。hourenzhongguozhuchaoxianshangwuzhuanyuan,guangxuershinian (1894) huiguo。yinian,jingrongludengbaojian,daoxiaozhanlianbing,fangzhaodeguolujunjianzhihecaodiantiaoling,zhaomu、bianlianxinshijundui,bayuanyouhuyufen bianliandedingwujun 10 yingkuobiandao 7300 ren,gaimingxinjianlujun。 

  guangxuershisannian (1897) liuyue,shengrenzhilianchashi。yinian,guangxudixuanbubianfa,shixingxinzheng。jiwangyuanshikaishouzhongdeshili,zhuoqiweihoubushilang,pairenyuyuanshikaimimou“sharonglu、chujiudang”,jieguoyuanshikaixiemiyuronglu,cixilinchao,guangxudifeichu,tansitongdeng 6 minggailiangpaibeisha。yuanshikaidedaowangushilidechongxin。shinianshiyue,qingzhengfuchengliwuweijun,baxinjianlujungaibianweiwuweiyoujun。guangxuershiwunian (1899) wuyue,yuanshikaijinshenggongbuyoushilang。shieryue,shulishandongxunfu,lvwuweiyoujunyouxiaozhankaiwangshandong。guangxuershiliunian (1900) ,lvlingwuweiyoujunduiyihetuanjinxinglexuexingdatusha。yucitongshi,yuanshikaiyoukuobianwuweiyoujunxianfengdui,qibingliyidaxinjianlujunde 2 beiyishang。shinianbayue,baguolianjungongdabeijingcheng,yuanshikaianbingbudong,wuweijunqian、hou、zuo、zhong 4 lujihuquanbubengkui,weiyouwuweiyoujunwanzhengdibaocunxialai。

  guangxuershiqinian (1901) ,shulizhilizongdujianbeiyangdachen ( yinianshishou ) 。guangxuershibanian (1902) wuyue,jiangwuweiyoujunkuobianbeiyangchangbeijun。guangxuershijiunian (1903) shiyue,qingzhengfu,chenglilianbingchu,yuanshikaiweihuiban,danshouwoshiquan,tayixinjianlujundelaobuxiaweibandi,daoguangxusanshiyinian (1905) ,bianchengbeiyangliuzhen,binglidabajiuwanren,gezhenzhongyaojiangling,jihudoushixiaozhanlianbingchushen,xingchengleyiyuanshikaiweishoudebeiyangjunfajituan。 

  guangxusanshisannian (1907) ,diaorenjunjidachenjianwaiwubushangshu,yinianbeimianzhi。xuantongsannian (1911) ,xinhaigemingshibeiqiyong,renhuguangzongdu,jirenneigezonglidachen。tayimianweibisunzhongshantuirang,yimianxiezhiqingdituiwei, 1912 nianzhongyuqieduolelinshidazongtongdezhiwei。 1913 nian,zhengshidanglezongtong。beiyangdaxiaojunfafenjugedi,zhujiantongzhiquanguo。

  1914 nian,yuanshikaicuangaixianfa,jiesanguohui,shixingducai。 1915 nian 6 yue,yuribenqiandinglemaiguotiaoyueershiyitiao。 1916 nian 1 yue 1 ri fupidizhi。 3 yue,beipoquxiaodizhi。 6 yue 6 ri ,youjuersi。 

  er、fengguozhang

  fengguozhang,zihuafu,zhilihejianren,xianfengqinian (1857) sheng。tianjinwubeixuetangbiye。guangxuershiernian (1896) ,yuanshikaidexinjianlujunzuchengdulianchu,fengguozhangrenducaoyingwuchubangban,houjierenzongbanjiansuiyingbubingxuetangjiandu。guangxuershibanian (1902) ,zhilishengchenglijunzhengsi,renjiaolianchuzongban。yinian,diaoshengbeijinglianbingchujunxuesizhengshi。guangxusanshisannian (1907) ,diaochongjunzifujunzishi。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  xinhaigemingshi,qingzhengfurenmingfengguozhangweidiyijunjuntong,lvbuquhubeizhenyageming。shinian,yuanshikaishangtai,fengguozhangrenjinweijunzongtongguan。 1912 nian,renzhilidoudujianjinweijunjuntong。 1913 nian,renjianghuaixuanfushi,lvbugongnanjing,zhenyananfangdegemingshili,houdiaorenjiangsudoudu。 1914 nian,jiafengxuanwushangjiangjun,dulijiangsujunwu。 1915 nian,yuanshikaichengdi,fengweiyidenggong。 1916 nian,beiguohuixuanweifuzongtong,rengranliurenjiangsudujun。 1917 nian,fengguozhangjinjingdailidazongtong,chengweizhixijunfatouling。 1918 nian 7 yue,dailidazongtongqimanxiatai。 1919 nianzaibeijingbinggu。 

  san、xushichang

AG亚洲国际游戏  xushichang,zibuwu,haojuren,youhaozhai。xianfengwunian (1855) shengyuhenanjixian。guangxuwunian (1879) zaisuiningrenshiyuanshikai,jiebaiweixiongdi。zaiyuanshizizhuxia,beishangyingshi,guangxubanian (1882) zhongju,guangxushiernian (1886) zhongjinshi,dangshanghanlinyuanshujishi。guangxushiwunian (1889) ,sanguan,shouzhibianxiu。yuanshikaidaoxiaozhanlianbinghouzouzhunqingzhengfu,paixushichangyihanlinjianxinjianlujuncanmouyingwuchuzongban,wanglaijingjinzhijian,chengweitadezhongyaomoushi。jingyuanshikaiduocibaojian,guangxuershiqinian (1901) congdaoyuanshengguozijiansiye,youyineigexueshihoubujiafudoutongxian,renlianbingchutidiao。guangxusanshinian (1904) shubingbuzuoshilang,yinianyibingbushilangjianhuibanlianbingshiyi,tongshishoujunjidachen、dubanzhengwudachen,houdiaoxunjingbushangshu。guangxusanshiernian (1906) ,xunjingbugaimingminzhengburenshangshu。 

  guangxusanshisannian (1907) ,beirenwei“qinchadachen,dongsanshengzongdu,jianguansanshengjiangjunshiwu”。xuantongyuannian (1909) ,renyouchuanbushangshujianjinputieludubandachen。ernianchu,jinshengxiebandaxueshi,qiyuezairenjunjidachen,bayueshoutirengedaxueshi。sannian,qingzhengfugaishehuangzuneige,renxielidachen。

  xinhaigemingbaofa,xushichanglizhuqiyongyuanshikai,eshageming。 1914 nian 5 yue,churenguowuqing,dangshirenchengwei“xiangguo”。yuanshikaichengdihou,fengtawei“songshansiyou”zhiyi,texubuchengchen、buguibai。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  1916 nian,renguowuqing。yuanshikaibingweishi,tuoyijiashi。yuanshikaisihou,xushichanghusongzhizhangde,bingzhuchilelongzhongde“guozang”。 1918 nian,duanqiruicaozong“anfuguohui”juxushichangweizongtong。 1919 nian,“wusi”yundongbaofa,xushichangbaobimaiguozeicaorulin、zhangzongxiang、luzongyu,bingxialingdaibushiweixuesheng,jiqiquanguoyifen。 1922 nian 6 yue 1 ri ,jiuguohuixuanbuxushichangshiweizongtong,yiribeipocizhi。 1939 nian 6 yue 6 ri bingguyutianjin。 

  si、caokun 

AG亚洲国际游戏  caokun,zizhongshan,tianjindongguren,tongzhiyuannian (1862) sheng。 20 suishitouhuaijundangbing,hourutianjinwubeixuetang,guangxushiliunian (1890) ,daoyijunsongqingbudangshaoguan。guangxuershiyinian (1895) ,yuanshikaikuobianxinjianlujunbeidiaoshengzuoyibubingdiyiyingbangdai。guangxuershibanian (1902) ,shengweiyouyibubingdishiyiyingguandai。yinian,renbeiyanglujundiyizhendiyixietongling。guangxusanshiernian (1906) shengweidisanzhentongzhi。yinian,yizhuzhangchunhoushengjimingzongbing。 1912 nian,disanzhengaiweidisanshi,renshizhang。 1914 nian,renzhangjiangshangyoujingbeisiling。 1915 nian,beifengweihuweijiangjun。yuanshikaichengdihoufengyidengbo。

  1916 nian,duanqiruikongzhibeijingzhengquan,renmingcaokunweizhilidujun。 1917 nianzhangxunfupi,rentaonijunxiluzongsiling。 1919 nianfengguozhangsihou,caokunbeizhixijunfayongweishouling。 1920 nian 9 yue,renzhi、lu、yuxunyueshi。

AG亚洲国际游戏  1923 nian,caokunyongzhongjinshoumaiguohuiyiyuan, 10 yue 10 ri dangshanglehuixuanzongtong。 1924 nian 10 yue,diercizhifengdazhan,zhixishibai,caokunshiquzongtongzhiwei。 1938 nian 5 yuebingguyutianjin。 

  wu、duanqirui

AG亚洲国际游戏  duanqirui,zizhiquan,anhuihefeiren,tongzhisinian (1865) sheng。tianjinwubeixuetangpaokebiyehou,youlihongzhangpaidaodeguoxuexijunshi,guangxushiliunian (1890) huiguo。guangxuershiernian (1896) chu,beiyuanshikaidiaodaoxinjianlujunrenzuoyipaobingyingtongdai,jiansuiyingpaobingxuetangzongban,chengweiyuanshikaijingyingbeiyangjunfajituandezhuyaogugan,yufengguozhang、wangshizhenbinglie,beichengwei“beiyangsanjie”。 

  guangxuershiwunian (1899) ,suiyuanshikaiqushandong,zhenyayihetuangemingyundong。ershiqinian,yizhifurengliuyuanshengbuyong,bingjiasanpinxian,jianchongwuweiyoujungexuetangzongban。ershibanianshi,xianhourenbeiyangjunzhengsicanmouchuzongban,fuzebianlianbeiyangchangbeijun;beijinglianbingchujunlingsizhengshi,jiafudoutongxian,jianshuchangbeijundisanzhenyizhang;disanzhentongzhi,jiandulibeiyangwubeigexuetang。xuantongyuannian (1909) ,diaoshudiliuzhentongzhi,yiniandi,diaorenjiangbeitidu,jiashilangxian,zhujiangsuqingjiang。xuantongsannian (1911) ,wuchangqiyibaofa,renbeiyangdierjunjuntong,shulihuguangzongdu。yijunshishilizhichiyuanshikaiqieduozongtongzhiwei。minguochengli,duanqiruirenlijieneigelujunzongzhang,yidudailiguowuzongli。 1914 nian,yuanshikaixueruoduanqiruidebingquan,poqicilujunbuzhang,fengjianweishangjiangjun,guanlijiangjunfushiwu。 

AG亚洲国际游戏  1916 nian 3 yueyuanshikaiquxiaodizhihou,duanqiruichurencanmouzongzhang,jiandaiguowuqing。 6 yue,renguowuzonglijianlujunbuzhang,chengweiwanxishouling,bingyibeiyangpaizhengtonglingxiuziju。duanqiruiweiquderibengengduodeshilizhichi,jianjuezhuzhangduideguoxuanzhan,beiliyuanhongdazongtongmianquzonglizhiwuhou,muhoucedongdujunquzhuliyuanhong,bingzhichizhangxunlvbingjinbeijing,yanchufupichouju。tongshi,youdachutaoniqihao,yi“zaizaogonghe”deyingxiongziju。 1917 nian 7 yue 14 ri daobeijinghou,zirenguowuzonglijianlujunbuzhang,zhangwoshiquan。 11 yue,yinwulizhengxiangbingbai,ciquzonglizhi,rencanzhanjunduban。 1918 nian 3 yue,zairenguowuzongli。ercizhengxiang,yougaoshibai, 10 yueyouciquguowuzongli。qihou,zhuanrenbianfangjunduban。 1924 nian,diercizhifengdazhan,tuidaocaokun,duanqiruibeituiweilinshizhizheng。 1926 nian 4 yue,guominjunhefengjunkaizhan,guominjunshilituiwangchasui,duanqiruibeipoxiatai。 1936 nianguyushanghai。

  liu、tangshaoyi

AG亚洲国际游戏  tangshaoyi,zishaochuan,guangdongxiangshantangjiawanren,xianfengshiyinian (1861) sheng。tongzhishisannian (1874) fumeiguoliuxue。guangxuqinian (1881) huiguo,xianhouzaichaoxian、shandongdengdibanliwaijiaoshiwu,weiyuanshikaisuoshangshi,shiweiqinxin。guangxuershiqinian (1901) ,yuanshikaiweitangshaoyiyijinhaiguandaoyaozhi。zaitianjindeliangnianzhong,banlijieshoubaguolianjunfenzhandetianjinchengquyijishaohoushouhuiqinhuangdaokouandeshiyi。yuanshikaiduiciyibaoyangbeizhidishuo: “liangnianyilai,zhongwaixiangan,wudazhijiezhe,juchenyishouyizuzhiliesuonengjishi,shitangshaoyizanzuozhilijuduo。” guangxusanshinian (1904) ,qingzhengfupaitangshaoyiweiquanquanyiyuedachen,fuyindutongyingguodaibiaotanpanyouguanxizangtiaoyue。tacaiquzaitiaokuanzhong,jianjiebiaoshizhongguoduixizangjuyouzhuquandiweidefangfa,shiyingguobudebuchengrenzhongguoduixizangdezhuquan。weihulezhonghuaminzudezunyanhezhongguolingtuzhuquandewanzheng。huilaihou,beishouyiwaiwubuyoushilang,canyuleguojiadewaijiaojuece。guangxusanshiyinian (1905) yuanshikaikuochongbeiyangchangbeijun,tangshaoyirenwenan。yinian,beipairentieluzonggongsiduban、shuiwuhuibandachenyijiyouchuanbuzuoshilang。guangxusanshisannian (1907) renfengtianxunfu,yinian,shangjiashangshuxiandezhuanshidachen,qianwangmeiguofazhanzhongmeiguanxi。xuantongyuannian (1909) beishouyuyouchuanbushangshu,danbujiujicizhi。xuantongsannian (1911) zuoweiyuanshikaidequanquandaibiaocanyu“nanbeihetan”。 1912 nian 3 yue 13 ri ,tangshaoyichurenminguodiyirenguowuzongli,zhi 6 yue 27 ri zhengshicizhi。 1922 nian 8 yue,zairenguowuzongli, 9 yuecizhi。 1938 nianguqu。 

  qi、zhaobingjun

AG亚洲国际游戏  zhaobingjun,zizhian,henanruzhouren,xianfengjiunian (1859) sheng。guangxusinian (1878) kaoxiucaiweizhong,suitouruzuozongtangchujunxiaoli,suijunjinzhuxinjiang。guangxushiwunian (1889) ,gaijuandianshi,fenfazhilisheng,ciniandaosheng。yuanshikaixiaozhanlianbingshi,zhaobingjuncengsuixijunzheng,zhuangongzhentan、jingchaliangmen,yuyuanshikaisuiyouyidingdeyuanyuan;jiazhitazaixunfangyingshi,zhenyajingjinyidaiyihetuanyundongyougong,yepoweiyuanshikaisuoshangshi。guangxuershiqinian (1901) ,yuanshikaiweiyichuangbanxunjingdezhongren,yinianchu,mingqidanrenbaodingxunjingjuzongban。tongshi,haizoubaoweizhifujiayanyunshixian。talvxinjungaibiancheng 1500 mingxunjingzhutianjin。guangxuershijiunian (1903) ,zhaobingjunjiangtianjin、baodingliangchudexunjingxuetanghebingweibeiyangxunjingxuetang,qihouyouzaigezhouxianshelixunjingchuanxisuo,jianliquanshengxunjingwang。tazaitianjinjingyingjingwu,shendeyuanshikaidehuanxin。tongnian 3 yue,mianbuzhifu,yidaoyuanliuyuanshengbuyong。

  1912 nian 3 yue,yuanshikaijiurenlinshidazongtong,zhaobingjunchurenneiwuzongzhang。 1912 nian 8 yue,rendailiguowuzongli。 9 yue 25 ri ,youdailigaiweishirenguowuzongli。 1913 nian 7 yue 16 ri yinxiancizhi。yuanshikaipumie“ercigeming”hou,zhaobingjunyutongnian 12 yue 16 ri beirenweizhilidoudu。 1914 nian 2 yue 19 ri ,jianrenzhiliminzhengzhang。 27 ri,zaitianjindushuzhongdusiwang。yuanshikaichengdishi,zhuifengweiyidengzhongxianggong。 

  ba、jiangchaozong

  jiangchaozong,ziyucheng,anhuijingderen。yuanzaihuaijunliumingchuanbuweibangdai,jiawuzhanzhengzhongsuiyuanshikaichuguan,“guanjieqiandijunxiebingzhentangecha”。guangxuershiyinian (1895) ,chongxinjianlujuncanmouyingwuchujibingguanxuetangjiandu。cengrenhoubudao,hanzhongzhenzongbing。 1912 nian,shengbeijingbubingtongling,jinfengdiweijiangjun。yuanshikaichengdi,fengyidengnan。 1917 nian 6 yuedailiguowuzongli,jiesanguohui,weizhangxunfupipupingdaolu,bingcanjiafupiyinmou。fupishibai,beimianqububingtonglingguanzhi。xushichangrendazongtongshi,churenzhenghuangqimanzhoudoutong。 1937 nian,ribendajuqinlvezhongguo,jiangchaozongdanglehanjian,churenbeijinghanjianzuzhi“zhianweichihui”huizhang。 

  jiu、wangshizhen

AG亚洲国际游戏  wangshizhen,zipinqing,hebeizhengdingren,xianfengshiyinian (1861) sheng。beiyangwubeixuetangbiye。guangxuershiyinian (1895) yuanshikaidulianxinjianlujun,wangshizhenrengongchengbingxuetangjiandu,houjierenyouyigongchengbingguandai。guangxuershiliunian (1900) ,yuanshikairenshandongxunfu,tasuirencanmouchuzongban。guangxuershibanian (1902) ,renbeiyangchangbeijunzuoyiyizhang。yinian,renbeijinglianbingchujunxuesizhengshi。guangxusanshinian (1904) zhilijunzhengsigaichengduliangongsuo,renzongcanyi,houlirenbeiyanglujundiliuzhentongzhi、jiangbeitidu、bingbushilang。 

  xuantongsannian (1911) ,wuchangqiyihou,qingzhengfuqiyongyuanshikai,wangshizhenbeirenminglujunbudachen。 1914 nian,beirenmingweihailujuntonglvbanshichuzongban。 1915 nian,renlujunzongzhang。 1916 nian,gairencanmouzongzhang。 1917 nian 11 yue,wangshizhenrenguowuzonglijianlujunzongzhang。 1918 nian 3 yue,ciquguowuzonglihou,fengguozhangjiangtadeweishangjiangjundejunxian,bingrangtaguanlijiangjunfushiwu。 1925 nian,renjunshizhenglihuiweiyuanzhang,bujiujituichuzhengtan。 1930 nianbingguyubeijing。

  shi、jinyunpeng

  jinyunpeng,haoyiqing,shandongjiningren,guangxusannian (1877) sheng。yuanshikaizaixiaozhanxunlianxinjianlujunshi,yingmuruwu,danglepaobing,houshengzhishaozhang。guangxuershisinian (1898) ,rusuiyingwubeixuetang,biyehouliurenjiaoxi。guangxuershibanian (1902) zaibeiyangchangbeijunjunzhengsicanmouchurentidiao。 1912 nian,jierenbeiyanglujundiwushishizhang,houdiaolujuncizhang。 1913 nian,renshandongdoudu。 1914 nian,jiafengtaiwujiangjun,dulishandongjunwu。 1915 nian,beiyuanshikaifengweiyidengbo。 1916 nian,diaobeijingjiangjunfujiafengguoweijiangjun。jinyunpengshuwanxi,beichengweiduanqiruishouxia“sidajingang”deshouwei。 1917 nian,fengpaidaoribenguancao,huiguohourencanzhanjundulian。 

  1919 nian,jinyunpengdangshangleguowuzonglijianlujunzongzhang,yinyuxushuzhengyoumaodun,chengbingcizhi。jinyunpengyufeng、zhiliangxidouyoulianxi,yinzhi 1920 nianzhiwanzhanzheng,wanxishibaihou,tarengnengzhongrenguowuzongli。 1921 niancizhi,yijutianjinyingzujie,anzhongyuribentewuheguomindangjiangjieshilalonggoujie。 1951 nianbingguyutianjin。

  shiyi、zhangshaoceng

  zhangshaoceng,zijingyu,hebeidachengren,guangxuwunian (1879) sheng。tianjinwubeixuetangxuesheng,guangxuershisinian (1898) biyehou,beibaosongribenlujunshiguanxuexiaopaokexuexi。lirenbaodingsuchengwubeixuetangjiaoguan,beiyangdisanzhenpaobingbiaotong,zhiliduliangongsuojiaolianchuzongban,beiyangdiershizhentongzhidengzhi。

AG亚洲国际游戏  1911 nian,zhangshaocengdianpoqingshilixian,beiyuanshikaipolingcizhi。 1912 nian,yuanshikailiyongzhangshaocengyuguomindangdejiuguanxi,fupaitaweizhangjiangxuanfushi。 1913 nian,diaosuiyuanjiangjun,shouyilujunzhongjiangjiashangjiangxian。 1915 nian,yuanshikairenmingzhangshaocengweilujunxunlianzongjian,bujiu,diaoweizongtongguwen,jiafengshuweijiangjun。 1921 nian,changdao“guoshihuiyi”,zhuzhangquanguoyihe。 1922 nian,liyuanhongzairendazongtong,zhangshaocengjiurenlujunzongzhang。zheishi,tayikaojinzhixi。 1923 nian 1 yue,churenguowuzonglijianlujunzongzhang。 6 yue,caokundengjikuaneige,zhangshaocengcizhifujin。 1928 nian 7 yue,zhilijunwudubanchuyupupairenjiangqicisi。 

  shier、jiadeyao

  jiadeyao,zikunting,anhuihefeiren,guangxuliunian (1880) sheng。churubaodingsuchengxuetang,houguanfeiliuxueriben,biyeyushiguanxuexiaodisanqibubingke。huiguohou,cengrenbeiyangjundierzhenzhengcanmouguan,diliuzhendiershiyixiemaduidierbiaobiaotong。 1912 nian,yuanshikaidiaojiadeyaoweihenanhujunzhongdetuanzhang。 1913 nian,shengrenlujundiqishidishisanlvlvzhang。yinian,diaorenshiwuhunchenglvlvzhang。 1916 nian,renshannanzhenshoushi。qihou,beirenmingweijiangjunfucanjun、lujunbujunxuesisizhang。 1919 nian 8 yue,renbaodinglujunjunguanxuexiaoxiaozhang,jinzhongjiangxian。 1925 nian,renlujuncizhang,shoujiangjunfukuanweijiangjun,jianrenzhizhengfuweiduisiling。 11 yue,shengrenlujunzongzhangjianxunlianzongjian。 1926 nian 2 yue 15 ri ,guowuzonglixushiyingtichucizhi,youqizanxingjiandaiguowuzongli。 3 yue 4 ri ,beijinglinshizhengfugaizu,terenjiadeyaoweiguowuzonglijianlujunzongzhang。 4 yue 20 ri ,ciquzonglizhi,yinjutianjin,congcituolizhengtan。 1940 nianbinggu。

  beiyanglujunliuzhenbiao

  biao 24 — 1 

AG亚洲国际游戏  zhenmingtonglvzhezhuzhadidianchenglishijianbeizhu

  guanzhixingmingdaorenshijian

AG亚洲国际游戏  jinjilujun diyizhentongzhitieliangguangxuershijiunianjingbeiyangshanwa。guangxuershijiunian (1902) liuyue。xiadiyixie、dierxie。

  fengshanguangxuershijiunian

  hezonglianxuantongsanniansanyue

AG亚洲国际游戏  zhililujun dierzhentong zhiwangyingkaiguangxuershijiunianzhiliyongpingfujifujinshanhaiguanyidai。guangxuershijiunian (1902) zhengyue。xiadisanxie、disixie。

  malongbiaoxuantongsanniansanyue

  zhanghuaizhi

  wangzhanyuanxuantongsannianshiyue

  jinjilujun disanzhentong zhiduanqiruiguangxusanshinianwuyueyoulianbingchujunlingsizhengshijianzhilibaodingfujifengtianjinzhoufuyidai。guangxusanshisanniansanyue,diaozhuzhangchun、fengtian。xuantongsannianshiyue,kaihui

  beijing。guangxusanshinian (1904) wuyue。xiadiwuxie、diliuxie。

  duanzhiguiguangxusanshiyinianzhengyue

AG亚洲国际游戏  duanqiruiguangxusanshiernianzhengyueyoudiliuzhentongzhidiao

  caokunguangxusanshiernian

AG亚洲国际游戏  zhililujun disizhentong zhiwuzhangchunguangxusanshinianzhilitianjinfufujinmachang、xiaozhanyidai。guangxusanshinian (1904) sanyue。

AG亚洲国际游戏  duanqiruiguangxusanshiyinianzhengyueyoudisanzhendiao

  wufengling

AG亚洲国际游戏  wangyujiaxuantongsannianjiuyue

  chenguangyuanxuantongsannianshiyue

  diqixie tonglingyangshandeguangxusanshiernian

AG亚洲国际游戏  wangyujiaxuantongsanniansanyue

  dibaxietonglingchenguangyuanxuantongsanniansanyue

AG亚洲国际游戏  jinjilujundiwuzhen ( wuweiyoujunxianfengdui )tong zhiwuzhangchunguangxusanshiyinianshandongjinanfujiweixianyidai。guangxusanshiyinian (1905) sanyue。xiadijiuxie、dishixie。

  zhanghuaizhi

  zhangyongchengxuantongsanniansanyue

  zhangshuyuanxuantongsannian

AG亚洲国际游戏  jinjilujun diliuzhentongzhiwangshizhenguangxusanshiyinianwuyueyoulianbingchujunxuesizhengshijiansujiegongmenbingnanyuanhaidianyidai,houzhubaoding。guangxusanshiyinian (1905) sanyue。xiadishiyixie、dishierxie。

AG亚洲国际游戏  duanqiruiguangxusanshiyinianbayueyoudisizhendiao

  zhaoguoxianguangxusanshiernianyiyue

AG亚洲国际游戏  duanqiruixuantongyuannianjiuyue

AG亚洲国际游戏  wuluzhenxuantongernianshiyiyue

  li chunxuantongsannianjiuyue

  

  xiaozhanxibeiyangzhengfuzongtongbiao

  biao 24 — 2 

  ming chengxing mingzai wei shi jianshuo ming

AG亚洲国际游戏  linshidazongtongyuanshikai1912.3.10 ~ 1913.10.101916 nian 1 yue 1 ri zhi 3 yue 22 ri chenghongxianhuangdi

  dazongtongyuanshikai1913.10.10 ~ 1916.6.6

AG亚洲国际游戏  dazongtongfengguozhang1917.8.1 ~ 1918.10.101917 nian 7 yue 6 ri ,dailidazongtong

  dazongtongxushichang1918.10.10 ~ 1922.6.21918 nian 9 yue 4 ri ,dangxuandazongtong

  dazongtongcao kun1923.10.10 ~ 1924.11.31923 nian 10 yue 10 ri jiuzhi

  fuzongtongfengguozhang1916.11.8 ~ 1917.7.30cihouweixuanfuzongtong

AG亚洲国际游戏  linshizhizhengduanqirui1924.11.24 ~ 1926.4.201924 nian 11 yue 24 ri jiurenlinshizhizheng,xingzongtongzhiquan

  

  

  xiaozhanxibeiyangzhengfuzonglibiao

AG亚洲国际游戏  biao 24 — 3 

AG亚洲国际游戏  jie cizong li xing mingren qishuo ming

  1tangshaoyi1912.3.13 ~ 1912.6.27

  3zhaobingjun1912.9.25 ~ 1913.7.16

AG亚洲国际游戏  4duanqirui1913.7.19 ~ 1913.7.31

  7xushichang1914.5.1 ~ 1916.4.22shezhengshitangchengguowuqing

  8duanqirui1916.4.22 ~ 1916.6.29shezhengshitangchengguowuqing

  9duanqirui1916.6.29 ~ 1917.5.23sheguowuyuanchengguowuzongli

  10jiangchaozong1917.6 ~daizongli

AG亚洲国际游戏  12duanqirui1917.7.2 ~ 1917.11.22

AG亚洲国际游戏  14wangshizhen1917.11.30 ~ 1918.3.23

AG亚洲国际游戏  15duanqirui1918.3.23 ~ 1918.10.10

AG亚洲国际游戏  19jinyunpeng1919.4.24 ~ 1919.11.5dailiguowuzongli

AG亚洲国际游戏  20jinyunpeng1919.11.5 ~ 1920.5.14

AG亚洲国际游戏  22jinyunpeng1920.8.9 ~ 1921.12.181921 nian 5 yue 10 ri renzhengshi

  28tangshaoyi1922.8.5 ~ 1922.9.19

  32zhangshaoceng1923.1.4 ~ 1923.6.6

  39duanqirui1924.11.24 ~ 1925.12.26linshizhizhengjianneige ( bushezongli )

AG亚洲国际游戏  41jiadeyao1926.2.15 ~ 1926.4.20

AG亚洲国际游戏|首页1

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